Periodontal disease is often caused by infections and inflammation in gums and bones that support your teeth. When gum disease is in its early stage (called gingivitis), gums become swollen, red, and can even bleed. When the disease is left untreated, it achieves a more serious form called periodontitis. At this stage, a gap may develop between teeth and gums, bone can degrade, and affected teeth can fall out.
Most often, adults suffer from periodontal disease that is counted as one of the biggest threats to dental health. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly half of the adults aged 30 years and older in the US suffer from some form of periodontal disease. The chance of suffering from this disease increases with age.
Thus, if you are an adult and experiencing discomfort in your gum, don’t delay, and book an appointment with an experienced dentist in your area.
What causes a person to suffer from periodontal disease?
When bacteria in your mouth infect the tissue around your tooth and cause inflammation, it can slowly develop into periodontal disease. When bacteria stay on the tooth long enough, they form a thin film on it, called plaque. As plaque gets hardened over time, it eventually becomes tartar, also known as calculus. The buildup of tartar can slowly spread below the gum line and makes it harder for you to clean your teeth properly. Thus, you should visit a dentist regularly for dental cleanings to reduce the chances of periodontal disease.
What are the symptoms of periodontal diseases?
The symptoms may vary from one person to another. There are some common warning signs of periodontal disease to watch out for:
- Bad breath for a longer time
- The bad taste that doesn’t go away
- Red or swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Tenderness in gums
- Painful chewing experience
- Loose or sensitive teeth
- A gap between your gum and teeth
- Any change you notice when having a bite
- Any change in the fitting of partial dentures
How can I avoid periodontal diseases?
You can decrease the risk of periodontal disease significantly by avoiding smoking, poor oral hygiene, stress, defective fillings, bridges with improper fitting, and medications that lead to dry mouth.
However, not all risk factors are in your control. Some of these risk factors are diabetes, heredity, crooked teeth, immune-deficiency disease like AIDS, and hormonal changes in females during pregnancy or while using oral contraceptives.
I may have periodontal disease? Can It Be Cured? What Should I Do?
You can easily reverse a periodontal disease by getting treatment at the earliest stage – gingivitis. Regular visits to your nearby dentist for regular cleaning and checkups will help notice early signs of gingivitis. At this stage, in most cases, you can cure periodontal disease. However, if the disease has progressed and reaches the stage of periodontitis, it can only be treated and not cured.
Thus, if you suspect that you have periodontal disease and live in Rutherford College, Valdese, Connelly Springs, or nearby areas, don’t wait any longer and book an appointment with a highly experienced and reputable dentist at Western Piedmont Dental. After carrying out a check-up, we will prepare the best dental treatment plan for you.